Five Stories that Matter in Michigan This Week – July 29, 2022

  1. New Laws Phase Out COVID-19 Employer Liability Protections for Employers

Governor Whitmer recently signed three bills into law that initially roll back COVID-19 protections for both employers and employees and then repeal the laws outright on July 1, 2023. For example, one of the laws being repealed granted employers immunity from liability lawsuits if an employee was exposed to COVID-19 at work, provided the employer followed state and federal regulations.

Why it Matters: While these bills signal a continuing shift away from laws and regulations enacted during the onset of the pandemic, employers must keep in mind that they still have obligations to maintain safe working conditions pursuant to OSHA, MIOSHA and other federal, state and local laws and regulations.


  1. Michigan Minimum Wage Increase May be on the Ballot in 2024

Organizers behind the Raise the Wage MI ballot initiative reportedly secured  more than 610,000 signatures and delivered them to Michigan officials in an effort to qualify the proposal for the 2024 ballot. The proposal would raise Michigan’s hourly minimum wage to $15 over the course of five years.

Why it Matters: Last week the Michigan Court of Claims ruled that the state legislature’s adoption and alteration of a 2018 ballot measure that would have raised the minimum wage to $12 by 2022 was unconstitutional. That ruling has been appealed, but even if it gets overturned, Michigan may still see a minimum wage increase if the Raise the Wage MI initiative is passed.


  1. New Proposed Rule on Independent Contractor Classification Sent to White House

Earlier this month, a new proposed rule from the U.S. Department of Labor regarding the classification of workers as independent contractors was sent to the White House for review. The rule is expected to make it harder for employers to classify workers as independent contractors.

Why it Matters: Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, “employees” are entitled to minimum wage, overtime pay and other benefits. Independent contractors are not entitled to such benefits, nor must employers withhold taxes or pay the employer portion of social security taxes for independent contractors. Penalties for misclassifying workers as independent contractors can result in fines for employers.


  1. New Michigan Budget Passed for Upcoming Fiscal Year

Governor Whitmer recently signed a $73 billion budget for the upcoming fiscal year beginning October 1, 2022. The budget was passed in the legislature with bipartisan support.

Why it Matters:  The budget funds a range of investments meant to support the Michigan economy, including: (i) $55 million to help employers train and upskill their new and existing workforce, (ii) $25 million for the Pure Michigan tourism campaign, (iii) an increase in per-pupil funding to $9,150 per student, and (iv) $55 million for Michigan Reconnect, a program that provides tuition-free paths to higher education or skills training.


  1. New Law Intended to Crack Down on Organized Retail Crime in Michigan

Public Act 174 of 2022 defines the theft of a product with intent to resell in exchange for profit as a racketeering offense in Michigan.

Why it Matters: This bipartisan legislation is intended to combat the increase in retail crime that has affected many retailers in many large cities across the country.

Related Practice Groups and Professionals

Business & Tax | Ed Castellani

Labor & Employment | Aaron Davis

MEDC to Make $237 Million Available to Help Michigan Small Businesses

The Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), joined by Governor Whitmer, announced that the U.S. Department of Treasury has approved up to $237 million in State Small Business Credit Initiative (SSBCI) funding for businesses in the State of Michigan. The SSBCI is designed to promote entrepreneurship and increase access to capital that would otherwise not be available in the market through conventional terms.

Michigan is one of only five states that will receive funding in the SSBCI’s first round, which is expected within the next two months. Michigan’s share of the first round will be roughly $72 million. Those interested are encouraged to visit MEDC’s website here for more information. The funding is expected to catalyze up to $10 of private investment for every $1 of SSBCI capital funding.

In January, the Michigan Strategic Fund Board adopted the Michigan Business Growth Fund 2.0 to provide programs and guidelines for the access to that funding for small businesses through loans and equity investments. These programs include new requirements to enhance support and ensure equity in access to capital for small businesses owned by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals (SEDI), and businesses who have less than 10 employees.

Fraser Trebilcock attorneys specialize in assisting small to medium sized businesses throughout every stage of the business life cycle. If you have any questions, please contact your Fraser Trebilcock attorney.

Robert D. Burgee is an attorney at Fraser Trebilcock with over a decade of experience counseling clients in business transactions, civil matters, regulatory compliance, and employee matters. Robert also has a background in employee benefits, having been a licensed agent since 2014. You can reach him at 517.377.0848 or at

Five Stories that Matter in Michigan This Week – July 22, 2022

  1. COVID, Force Majeure, and Frustration of Purpose

Courts have rejected COVID-related force majeure and frustration of purpose arguments on the reasoning that the pandemic and its effects were foreseeable. Now in its third year, disruptions related to the pandemic are no longer unforeseeable and businesses should take note.

Why it Matters: COVID-related frustration of purpose and force majeure are not cure-alls, and courts will not take these arguments at face value. However, with the right facts, frustration of purpose or force majeure arguments can be successful. Businesses should take positive steps to ensure that their interests are protected if/when COVID comes knocking again.


  1. Proposed Short-Term Rental Legislation Remains Stuck in Michigan House

Local communities will be limited in their ability to regulate short-term housing rentals if a bill passed by the Michigan House of Representatives, House Bill 4722 (“HB 4722”), becomes law. However, the bill remains on hold in the Michigan House, as powerful interest groups—local governments and Michigan realtors, in particular—remain at odds over the bill.

Why it Matters: The bill restricts local communities from adopting or enforcing zoning ordinance provisions that have the effect of prohibiting short-term rentals. On the one hand, local governments argue that the bill would undermine local control over zoning. On the other hand, realtors argue that the bill would dampen the real estate market. A lot is at stake, as Michigan homeownersreportedly made more than $250 million from Airbnb rentals alone in 2021.


  1. Decreased Costs Trending for Medical Marijuana Licenses

Last month the Cannabis Regulatory Agency (CRA) announced that medical marijuana facilities that need to renew their license or obtain a new license will pay less in fees for the upcoming fiscal year. Fees for each class and type of business have been reduced, a trend that started last year when the CRA reduced fees for this current fiscal year.

Why it Matters: As the number of medical licensees in the state continue to grow, associated costs of getting a new license or renewing are decreasing. If you have any questions or seeking to acquire a medical marijuana license, contact our cannabis attorneys.


  1. New Law Allows Non-Profit Corporation to be a Member of Limited Liability Company

Senate Bill 926 was recently signed into law by Governor Whitmer, which changes the definition of a person in the limited liability company act, allowing nonprofit corporations to be members of limited liability companies (“LLC”).

Why it Matters:  Michigan now joins other states that allow nonprofits to create LLCs that do not involve any financial gain or profit to perform certain functions while still maintaining their nonprofit status.


  1. Paid Sick Leave and Minimum Wage Laws Up in Air

Following the ruling by the Michigan Court of Claims recently, the “adopt and amend” strategy taken on by Michigan’s legislature in 2018 to find a compromise for two ballot initiatives which would have increased the minimum wage and enacted a paid sick leave law, was deemed unconstitutional.

Why it Matters: It is anticipated that the Michigan legislature will appeal the decision and request a stay. If the decision is not reversed, then changes will go into effect immediately. The state’s minimum wage will increase to $12 an hour, tipped employees will receive an increase, and nearly every size and type of business will receive 72 hours per year of paid sick time leave.

Related Practice Groups and Professionals

Litigation | Matthew Meyerhuber

Real Estate | Jared Roberts

Cannabis | Klint Kesto

Business & Tax | Ed Castellani

Labor, Employment & Civil Rights | Aaron Davis

Default: The Risk of Failing to Respond to a Lawsuit Brought Against You

The risk of failing to respond to a lawsuit against you is severe. Understanding what a default is, and the implications associated with a default judgment is important when having a lawsuit brought against you.

What is a default?

A default can occur when a party that has been sued fails to respond to the complaint or otherwise defend against the lawsuit in a timely manner. If you are found to be in default, the other side can then request a default judgment from the court. If the court enters this default judgment, you are automatically liable for the full amount requested in the suit, plus fees and costs.

What are the ramifications of a default judgment being entered?

The opposing party can begin collecting the judgment by garnishing your wages, bank accounts, and state tax returns. The opposing party can even seize your property to fulfill the judgment amount. Additional costs/fees/interest may also begin to accrue.

What can I do if a default judgment has been entered against me? 

When a default judgment is entered, the case is technically closed, so it is important to act quickly. A Motion to Set Aside the Judgment should be filed immediately, explaining why you failed to respond or defend against the suit.

The attorneys at Fraser Trebilcock have the experience and knowledge to help you set aside a default judgment that has been entered against you. Contact Amy, Emily, or your Fraser Trebilcock attorney.

Emily M. Vanderlaan is a litigation attorney at Fraser Trebilcock handling all aspects of personal injury and property litigation. Emily has had great success in Michigan and Colorado trial courts and in the Michigan Court of Appeals. You can reach her at (517) 377.0882 or at

Fraser Trebilcock attorney Amanda S. Wolanin specializes her practice in business and tax law, bankruptcy, family law, estate planning, litigation, and real estate law. You can reach her at (517) 377-0897, or at

Five Stories that Matter in Michigan This Week – July 15, 2022

  1. Supreme Court Ruling Shouldn’t Affect Michigan’s Healthy Climate Plan

The Supreme Court’s recent ruling limiting the EPA’s ability to regulate carbon emissions from power plants should not affect Michigan’s course of following through with the MI Healthy Climate Plan, which was first released in April 2021. The MI Healthy Climate plan seeks interim reductions of 28% by 2025 and 52% by 2030.

Why it Matters: Businesses should continue to plan for the implementation of the MI Healthy Climate plan and other regulations as the state continues to shift towards the goal of net-zero greenhouse gas emissions no later than 2050. If you have environmental issues with state and/or federal agencies, contact our environmental attorneys.


  1. Several Groups Send Letter to LARA Seeking Adoption of International Energy Standards

Several groups have sent the department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs seeking them to adopt a set of international energy standards for residential and commercial buildings in preparation of electric vehicle charging and to help reduce climate impact.

Why it Matters: Including reducing climate impact, the groups have touted hundreds of dollars in energy cost savings for Michigan residents with the adoption of the new standards. “These provisions will lower costs for Michigan residents and businesses, increase household resilience from extreme weather events, and help reduce climate impacts from the building sector,” the groups wrote.


  1. Tax Reform Goals Priority for New “Fund MI Future” Coalition

A collection of 20 organizations have formed a newly created coalition with the aim of better funding Michigan’s public services with changes to the state’s tax policy. Following the release of Michigan’s next annual budget, the group plans to revise the state’s tax system and close tax loopholes so that wealthy individuals and organizations will now “pay what they owe” to support clean water access, job funding, and school support.

Why it Matters: If the new coalition’s plans for altering the state’s tax policy succeeds, organizations and wealthy individuals are expected to have higher tax bills.


  1. Mixed Signals in Michigan Marijuana Sales Data

One the one hand, the Michigan legal marijuana industry is booming. Sales in Michigan hit $1.03 billion in the first half of 2022, up by 26.9% from the same period last year, according to the Michigan Marijuana Regulatory Agency (“MMRA”). A Detroit News article reported that Michigan has become the third largest marijuana market in the country. On the other hand, not all news is rosy in the industry. There are now more than 1,000 licensed marijuana retailers in Michigan, and while sales numbers are at all-time highs, the competition in the state is driving down prices. MMRA reported that the average price for flower at $1959 per pound in June, down 41.6% from the same period in 2021.

Why it Matters: With inflation surging across the economy, falling prices in the marijuana industry mean that profits may be hard to come by. This may lead to more consolidation within the industry as operators and investors seek to achieve economies of scale.


  1. Bipartisan Bills Would Allow Alcohol Sales at Some College Sporting Events in Michigan

New bipartisan bills in the Michigan Legislature would allow alcohol sales at college basketball, football and hockey games. House Bill 6289 and Senate Bill 1125 would allow the Michigan Liquor Control Commission to issue licenses to be used for events within the public areas of university football, basketball and hockey stadiums. Sales would be permitted two hours before and after each game.

Why it Matters: Sponsors of the bills point to data showing that allowing alcoholic beverages in venues during sporting events lowers the probability of excessive alcohol consumption that might otherwise happen during tailgating before a game or if alcohol is snuck into a stadium.

Related Practice Groups and Professionals

Environmental Law | Michael Perry

Business & Tax| Ed Castellani

Taxation | Paul McCord

Cannabis | Klint Kesto

Energy, Utilities & Telecommunication | Michael Ashton

Covid, Force Majeure, and Frustration of Purpose – Some Words of Caution

Courts generally show a pattern of skepticism toward force majeure and frustration of purpose arguments stemming from the Covid-19 pandemic. Here’s what businesses need to know to protect themselves.


First, we need to get our terminology straight. Frustration of purpose and force majeure, while related concepts, are distinct in some important ways. Force Majeure is an event mentioned explicitly in a contract that discharges the parties of at least some of their responsibilities. Frustration of purpose, on the other hand, is a contract defense alleging that the basic purpose of the contract being litigated has been frustrated by an event not reasonably foreseeable to the parties. Michigan Courts use a three-part test to assess frustration of purpose: 1) the contract must be at least partially executory; (2) the frustrated party’s purpose in making the contract must have been known to both parties when the contract was made; (3) this purpose must have been basically frustrated by an event not reasonably foreseeable at the time the contract was made, the occurrence of which has not been due to the fault of the frustrated party and the risk of which was not assumed by him. Molnar v. Molnar, 110 Mich. App. 622, 313 N.W.2d 171 (1981).

Primary issues: Causation and Foreseeability.

It’s hard to deny that the COVID-19 pandemic involved possibly the most significant disruption of global commerce since World War II. As of this writing, the WHO reports over six million lives have been lost to COVID-19. Sweeping restrictions on travel and trade across the globe have also come at an enormous and self-evident economic cost. So—why isn’t COVID persuasive as a force majeure or frustration of purpose event?

One issue is causation. It can be challenging to prove that the pandemic caused a disruption when intervening factors like government action come into play.

For example, Michigan saw strict government shutdown mandates related to COVID. Though these shutdowns may have saved numerous lives, they inarguably caused some markets to collapse overnight. Suddenly, college towns were empty; theaters, bowling alleys, and dine-in restaurants were shuttered. Did the pandemic cause this? Or did government action cause it? Alternatively, did a business decline for an entirely different reason? Was it already doomed, with a shutdown being only the final nail in the coffin? The same issue comes up with Covid-related supply chain disruptions. Did the pandemic cause it? Labor shortages and strikes? Both?

In a contract case where the defendant suffered a loss of business amid the COVID pandemic, causation issues might render their force majeure or frustration of purpose defenses ineffective. Whether initiating or defending a lawsuit, a party making a frustration of purpose or force majeure argument has a burden of proof to meet.

Another problem is that COVID-19 and its effects have arguably been foreseeable, negating frustration of purpose and force majeure arguments.

Erin Webb, a legal analyst writing for Bloomberg, noted in a November 2021 article titled ANALYSIS: No Longer Unforeseeable? Force Majeure and Covid-19 that courts have rejected Covid-related force majeure and frustration of purpose arguments on the reasoning that the pandemic and its effects were foreseeable.

“Since early 2021, with Covid-19 the new normal and the coronavirus feeling a lot less’ novel,’ courts have increasingly expected parties to have adjusted to pandemic-related issues—from supply chain disruptions to the challenges of remote work. So, for those still wishing to explore such defenses, careful factual research and analysis early in a case will be more important than ever,” writes Webb.

In short, with the pandemic being in its third year, disruptions related to the pandemic are no longer unforeseeable.

Another older version of this reasoning is that a decline in business, even if resulting from conditions such as a pandemic and stay-at-home order, is an inherent risk of doing business that the parties assume. “The tenant is not relieved from the obligation to pay rent if there is a serviceable use still available consistent with the use provision in the lease. The fact that the use is less valuable or less profitable or even unprofitable does not mean the tenant’s use has been substantially frustrated.” Mel Frank Tool & Supply, Inc. v. Di-Chem Co., 580 N.W.2d 802, 808 (Iowa 1998)

For a frustration of purpose argument to succeed, the entire basic purpose of the contract must be frustrated. This has happened in some cases. See, for example, Bay City Realty, LLC v. Mattress Firm, Inc., No. 20-CV-11498, 2021 WL 1295261 (E.D. Mich. Apr. 7, 2021). The case involved a frustration of purpose defense to the landlord’s breach of contract claim. The court found in favor of the tenant/defendant on the frustration of purpose issue, holding that the Governor’s order shuttering non-essential businesses frustrated the primary purpose of the Lease (retail sales of mattresses).

Force majeure clauses—should we use them for pandemics?

Paula M. Bagger, writing for the American Bar Association, covers this topic in greater detail in a March 2021 article titled The Importance of Force Majeure Clauses in the COVID-19 Era. Bagger warns that “we must not ignore the potential applicability of force majeure to our commercial agreements.”

Possible solutions are not as simple as slapping the word “pandemics” into a force majeure clause. For one, some courts may reason that the parties actually foresaw listed events, even though such reasoning goes somewhat against the logic of a force majeure clause, which lists potential unforeseen events.

Writes Erin Webb: “Some courts have found that the parties’ ability to name a risk—like a pandemic or a government shutdown risk—in a force majeure clause means that the risk was not only foreseeable at the time of contracting, but actually foreseen, defeating other defenses to nonperformance, such as impossibility of performance or frustration of purpose.”

This reasoning may be particularly applicable to Covid-19, given evidence that Covid-19 will be endemic to the human population in the future. If we expect Covid, we can no longer expect to use it as an excuse.

Furthermore, going back to causation, a force majeure clause mentioning a pandemic may not adequately address the issues accompanying the COVID-19 pandemic. More open-ended catch-all-type statements may be better.

However, it is essential to consider one’s own goals when drafting a force majeure clause. For example, if you’re a commercial landlord, you may not want a force majeure clause to encompass pandemics like COVID-19 – it could give a delinquent tenant ammunition in its efforts not to pay you. Conversely, if you’re a commercial tenant, you might want an out if business dries up.


COVID-related frustration of purpose and force majeure are not cure-alls, and courts will not take these arguments at face value. However, with the right facts, frustration of purpose or force majeure arguments can be successful. Businesses should take positive steps to ensure that their interests are protected if/when COVID comes knocking again. For all your business needs regarding frustration of purpose and force majeure clauses, the attorneys at Fraser Trebilcock can help.

Matthew J. Meyerhuber is an attorney at Fraser Trebilcock focusing on general litigation, cannabis law, environmental law, and real estate. Matthew can be reached at or 517.377.0885. 

Five Stories that Matter in Michigan This Week – July 8, 2022

  1. Michigan Adopts Version of the Uniform Assignment of Rents Act

Michigan recently adopted its version of the Uniform Assignment of Rents Act (the “UARA”), which establishes a comprehensive statutory model for the creation, perfection, and enforcement of security interests in rent. It is the sixth state to adopt the UARA.

Why it Matters: An assignment of rents allows a lender to collect income from rents derived from mortgaged property after the mortgage has been defaulted on. It protects a lender against scenarios in which a borrower (typically a commercial landlord)  is continuing to collect rent from a property but is no longer making mortgage payments. The Michigan UARA codifies rules related to assignments of rents, bringing clarity to both lenders and borrowers.


  1. Michigan’s November 2022 Ballot to Include Fair Lending Proposal Capping Payday Loan Interest Rates

Supporters of the Payday Loan Interest Rate Cap ballot initiative in Michigan secured sufficient signatures to put the initiative  on the November 2022 ballot.

Why it Matters: Once the petition is validated by Michigan’s Board of State Canvassers, the Michigan legislature will have 40 days to approve the initiative, as submitted.  If the legislature rejects the initiative or fails to act by the deadline, the proposal will be placed on the November 2022 ballot for voters to decide. If passed, payday loan rates will be capped at 36% APR or less.


  1. Michigan Property Taxes are Set to Jump

Gas, groceries, and now summer property tax bills are spiking in Michigan. The inflation rate adjustment for this year’s property taxes in Michigan is 3.3%.

Why it Matters: Under Proposal A, there is  a maximum 5% inflation rate adjustment allowed. While this year’s increase is less than the cap, it is the highest it has been since 2007. And many expect next year’s increase to hit the 5% cap. In a Detroit Free Press article, Patrick Anderson, CEO of the Anderson Economic Group said: “Basically, we’re baked in at 5% next year.”


  1. Michigan Leads the Nation in Energy-Sector Job Growth

According to an annual report recently issued by the U.S. Department of Energy, Michigan added 35,463 energy-sector jobs from 2020—more than any other state in 2021, boosted primarily by the automotive industry and its increased focus on hybrid and electric vehicle models.

Why it Matters: With soaring inflation and increased expectations of an economic recession, Michigan’s strength in energy-sector jobs bodes well for Michigan workers and businesses. The energy sector in Michigan represents 9.5 percent of state employment, with 393,207 jobs total.


  1. Michigan Bill Would Cut Taxes for Small Distillers, Provide Boost to Local Farmers

The Michigan legislature recently approved legislation that would cut the state Liquor Control Commission markup on small distillery alcohol from 65% to 32.5% if more than 40% of the grains and other crops used to distill the liquor are grown in Michigan.

Why it Matters: If signed into law by Governor Whitmer, this tax cut would result in large savings for small Michigan distillers and help them compete with larger national producers. Because the tax savings are tied to the purchase of grains and other crops grown in Michigan, local farmers would also benefit.

Related Practice Groups and Professionals

Business & Tax| Ed Castellani

Real Estate | Jared Roberts

Election Law | Garett Koger

Energy, Utilities & Telecommunication | Michael Ashton

Five Stories that Matter in Michigan This Week – July 1, 2022

Five Stories that Matter in Michigan This Week – July 1, 2022; Legal, Legislative, and Regulatory Insights

  1. Bills Easing Regulations on Michigan Child Care Providers Signed Into Law

Governor Whitmer recently signed into law Michigan House Bills 5041-5048, which increase the number of children family child care and group care homes can serve, and also lowers the minimum age for workers at such businesses.

Why it Matters: Many families struggle to find quality, affordable child care, which is partly to blame for the difficulty businesses in Michigan, and across the country, have had in finding workers over the last several years. In a statement, Governor Whitmer described child care as “the backbone of our economy.” The signing of this package of bills is also significant because it had support from Republicans and business groups, which may be a sign that more bipartisan legislation is on the way in the runup to the November elections.


  1. Michigan Senate Judiciary Committee Approves Texting While Driving Bills

The Michigan Senate Judiciary Committee recently approved a package of bills expanding the scope of Michigan’s texting while driving laws, which would make requirements more stringent and penalties for violations more costly. The bills explicitly address social media use and live streaming.

Why it Matters: Distracted driving is dangerous. In 2020, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Association, 3,142 people were killed in motor vehicle crashes involving distracted drivers. Distracted driving is also costly for drivers, as those who violate distracted driving laws tend to see their insurance rates shoot up.


  1. Marijuana Prices Plummet 41% in Michigan

In a recent public meeting, Michigan Cannabis Regulatory Agency Director Andrew Brisbo stated that legal marijuana prices fell 41% over the past year in Michigan.

Why it Matters: With inflation surging across the economy, falling prices in the marijuana industry mean that profits may be hard to come by. One of the secondary effects of price deflation is the risk of what is called “potency inflation.” In general, marijuana that is more potent—higher THC levels—is more expensive. That can lead to “lab shopping,” which involves producers trying to find a testing lab that will deliver high THC results so that more can be charged to the consumer.


  1. Housing Market Cools Following Historic Run-Up

The National Association of Realtors recently reported that existing-home sales in May dropped 3.4% from April (four consecutive months of declining sales) and by 8.6% since May of last year. The latest S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller Index also shows home price growth slowing, as well as a jump in the inventory of homes for sale.

Why it Matters: The residential real estate market is an important indicator of, and driver of, economic vitality across the broader economy. The early signs of a slowdown in the real estate market correlates to increases in mortgage rates due to inflation. Rates for a 30-year mortgage have rocketed higher, from around 3% earlier this year to over 6%, which has significantly reduced buying power for many people.


  1. Sixth Circuit Draws the “State Action” Line at a City Manager’s Personal Facebook Page

The Sixth Circuit issued an opinion earlier this week in a case involving a city manager who shared both personal and city-related content on his personal Facebook page. After the city manager deleted comments made by a disgruntled citizen on posts about city policies, the citizen sued alleging that his First Amendment rights were violated. The lower court dismissed the citizen’s lawsuit, and the Sixth Circuit affirmed, ruling that under the facts of this case the city manager’s actions did not constitute “state action.”

Why it Matters: In this 21st Century digital era, where there are virtually no barriers to communication, it’s said that we are all “publishers,” especially on social media. This case helps draw the line for municipalities and their employees as to what communications they engage in may constitute personal action vs. state action.

Related Practice Groups and Professionals

Insurance Defense | Emily Vanderlaan

Real Estate | Jared Roberts

Cannabis | Klint Kesto

Labor, Employment & Civil Rights | Aaron Davis